Comisión Intereclesial de Justicia y Paz

Thursday, September 21 de 2017


Final Agreement to End the Armed Conflict and Build a Stable and Lasting Peace

Thursday 1 June 2017

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After a conflict lasting more than half a century, we, the National Government and the FARC-EP, have agreed to put a definitive end to the internal armed conflict.

The conclusion of hostilities will first and foremost represent the end of the enormous suffering that the conflict has caused. Millions of Colombians, men and women alike, have been victims of forced displacement, the dead number in their hundreds of thousands, tens of thousands of people of all kinds have disappeared, and vast numbers of communities have been affected in one way or another throughout the length and breadth of the country, including women, boys, girls and adolescents, rural communities, indigenous peoples, the Afro-Colombian, black, palenquero, raizal and Roma communities, political parties, social and trade-union movements, and economic associations, inter alia. There must be no more victims in Colombia.

Secondly, the end of the conflict will herald a new Chapter in our nation’s history. It will be an opportunity to initiate a phase of transition that will contribute to greater territorial integration, greater social inclusion – especially of those who have existed on the fringes of development and have suffered from the conflict – and to strengthening our democracy, bringing it to all corners of the country and ensuring that social conflicts can be resolved through institutional channels, with full guarantees for those taking part in politics.

We must build a stable and long-lasting peace, with the involvement of all Colombian citizens. With this as our objective – putting an end, once and for all, to the historical cycles of violence and laying the bases for peace – we hereby approve the items contained in the Agenda of the General Agreement of August 2012, expounded on in this Agreement.

The Agreement is composed of a series of accords that nonetheless constitute an indissoluble whole agreement, in that they are suffused by a consistent rights-based approach whereby the measures agreed here can contribute to the realisation of the constitutional rights of all Colombians. The Final Agreement recognises, without any discrimination whatsoever, the primacy of the inalienable rights of the person as a basis for coexistence in the public and private spheres, and the family as the fundamental nucleus of society and the rights of its members. The implementation of the Agreement must be governed by recognition of the equality and protection of the pluralism of Colombian society, without any discrimination. The conditions in order for equality to be real and effective will be guaranteed in its implementation and affirmative measures will be adopted in favour of groups that are discriminated against or marginalised, taking a territorial-based, equity-based and gender-based approach into consideration.

The territorial-based approach of the Agreement requires recognition and consideration of the economic, cultural and social needs, characteristics and peculiarities of Colombia’s territories and communities, thereby guaranteeing socio-environmental sustainability; furthermore, it involves implementing the various measures comprehensively and in a coordinated way, with the active participation of all citizens. All of Colombia’s regions and territories will contribute to the implementation of the Agreement, with the participation of territorial-based authorities and the various sectors of society.

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